Research Articles & Reports

HT-RADAR is building a database of human trafficking related research and reports from 2015-2020, focusing on the U.S.  Requests for research on particular subtopics can be made by completing the “Have a Research Need?” form.  Would you like to add to this growing database?  Contact Us!

A List of Articles and Reports
Title Year of Publication Publication Researchers
“Essential” but Expendable: Farmworkers During the COVID-19 Pandemic—The Michigan Farmworker Project 2020 American Public Health Association
  • Alexis J. Handal, Lisbeth Iglesias-Ríos, Mislael A. Valentín-Cortés, Ann Arbor. Paul J. Fleming, and Marie S. O’Neill
“When Her Visa Expired, the Family Refused to Renew It,” Intersections of Human Trafficking and Domestic Violence: Qualitative Document Analysis of Case Examples from a Major Midwest City 2020 SAGE Journals
  • Erica Koegler
  • Whitney Howland
  • Patric Gibbons
  • Michelle Teti
  • Hanni Stoklosa
A Longitudinal Evaluation of a Survivor-Mentor Program for Child Survivors of Sex Trafficking in the United States 2020 Child Abuse & Neglect
  • Sarah R. Preis
  • Emily F. Rothman
  • Katherine Bright
  • Jennifer Paruk
  • Megan Bair-Merritt
  • Amy Farrell
A Prototype Comparison of Human Trafficking Warning Signs: U.S. Midwest Frontline Workers’ Perceptions 2020 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Corinne Schwarz
  • Chong Xing
  • Hannah E. Britton
  • Paul E. Johnson
An Epidemiological Perspective on Labor Trafficking 2020
  • Michael Gallo
  • Renata A. Konrad
  • Hannah Thinyane
Assessing Family Medicine Residency Programs’ Training on Human Trafficking: A National Survey of Program Directors 2020 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Ranit Mishori
  • Katherine Stolarz
  • Anit Ravi
  • Valeriy R. Korostyshevskiy
  • Ronald Chambers
  • Peter Cronholm
At the Intersection of Method and empowerment: Reflections from a Pilot Photovoice Study with Survivors of Human Trafficking 2020 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Sue Lockyer
  • Christopher J Koenig
Barriers to Sexually Exploited Cambodian Women Integrating into Churches: Perspectives of Sexually Exploited Women and the Christian Community
(PDF 689 KB)
2020 Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence
  • Tricia J. Hester
  • Sopheak Kong
  • Glenn M. Miles
Building Slavery-free Communities: A Resilience Framework 2020 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Alison Gardner
  • Phil Northall
  • Ben Brewster
Child Sex Trafficking: An Eight-year Exploratory Study in Las Vegas, Nevada
(PDF 4 MB)
2020 Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research Arizona State University
  • Dominique Roe-Sepowitz
  • Kristen Bracy
  • Elynne Greene
  • James Walters
COVID-19 and Human Trafficking—the Amplified Impact on Vulnerable Populations 2020
  • Jonathan Todres, JD
  • Angela Diaz, MD
Cycle of Perpetual Vulnerability for Women Facing Homelessness near an Urban Library in a Major U.S. Metropolitan Area 2020 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
  • Janny S. Li
  • Lianne A. Urada
Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: A Case Series of Male Pediatric Patients 2020 Journal of Interpersonal Violence
  • Jessica Moore
  • Meagan Fitzgerald, MS, CCLS
  • Timothy Owens, MA, LMHC
Economic effects of COVID-19 and the exploitation of children 2020 World Vision International
  • Carolyn Kabore
  • Ellie Wong
  • Angeline Munzara
Educating Physicians on Sex Trafficking: Who Receives Our Empathy and Whom Do We Blame? 2020 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Rachel J Shin, Austin M Oberlin, Fidelma Rigby & Fay Chelmow
Evaluating Human Trafficking Service Programs: What Can Be Learned from Domestic Violence Service Program Evaluations 2020 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Kathleen E. Krieger
  • Deborah A. Gibbs
  • Stacey L. Cutbush
Examining the Link: Foster Care Runaway Episodes and Human Trafficking 2020
  • Natasha E. Latzman
  • Deborah A. Gibbs
From Victimization to Restoration: Multi-Disciplinary Collaborative Approaches to Care and Support Victims and Survivors of Human Trafficking 2020 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Arduizur Carli Richie-Zavaleta
  • Sarah Baranik
  • Stephanie Mersch
  • Janna Ataiants
  • Shea M. Rhodes
Human trafficking in the commercial fishing industry: A multiple case study analysis 2020 Marine Policy
  • Joan P. Mileski
  • Cassia Bomer Galvao
  • Zaida Denise Forester
Human Trafficking in the Emergency Department: Improving Our Response to a Vulnerable Population 2020 Western journal of emergency medicine
  • Jennifer Tiller
  • Stacy Reynolds
Human Trafficking of Children 2020 Pediatric Annals
  • Dena Nazer
  • Jordan Greenbaum
Human Trafficking Prevention: Strategies for Runaway and Homeless Youth Settings 2020 HHS/Family Youth Services Bureau
  • Ana Cody
  • Resa Matthew
  • Linda Greenberg
  • Laura Murphy
  • Chris Harper
  • Ruth Leemis
  • Jennifer Matjasko
  • Sharon G. Smith
  • Elizabeth Swedo
Human trafficking: The relationship between government efforts & survivor punishment 2020 Global Public Health
  • Rebecca Amantia
  • Veronica L. Irvin
  • Ellen Smit
  • Jessica R. Seifert
  • Jonathan Garcia
Human Trafficking: What the New IOM Dataset Reveals 2020 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Cassandra E DiRienzo
Influence of Survivors’ Entrapment Factors and Traffickers’ Characteristics on Perceptions of Interpersonal Social Power While Being Recruited To Be Trafficked 2020 Violence Against Women
  • Kathleen M. Preble
Intersectional Standpoint Methodology: Toward Theory-Driven Participatory Research on Human Trafficking 2020 Violence and Victims
  • Mary K. Twis
  • Kathleen M. Preble
Legislative discrepancies: an analysis of Missouri’s current human trafficking laws and the need to improve its legal protection of victims 2020 International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare
  • Rachel Kappler
  • Arduizur Carli Richie-Zavaleta
LGBTQ+ Homeless Young Adults and Sex Trafficking Vulnerability 2020 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Kimberly A. Hogan
  • Dominique Roe-Sepowitz
Medical-Legal Collaboration and Community Partnerships: Prioritizing Prevention of Human Trafficking in Federally Qualified Health Centers
(PDF 738 KB)
2020 Georgia State University Law Review
  • Kimberly S.G. Chang, MD, MPH
  • Hamida Yusufzai
  • Anna Marjavi
Mental Health Experiences of Sex Trafficking Victims in Western Countries: A Qualitative Study 2020 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Kassandra Chu
  • Jo Billings
Mental health recovery for survivors of modern slavery: grounded theory study protocol 2020 BMJ Open
  • Wright, N.
  • Hadziosmanovic, E.
  • Dang, M.
  • Bales, K.
  • Brookes, C.
  • Jordan, M.
  • Slade, M
Mental Health Service Needs of Commercially Sexually Exploited Youth: Voices of Survivors and Stakeholders 2020 Violence and Victims
  • Rachel Robitz
  • Emilio C. Ulloa
  • Marissa Salazar
  • Monica D. Ulibarri
Motivational interviewing with individuals at risk of sex trafficking 2020 Journal of Social Work
  • Lara Gerassi
  • Karyn Esbensen
Multidisciplinary Human Trafficking Education: Inpatient and Outpatient Healthcare Settings 2020 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • B. M. Nordstrom
National Workgroup on Safe Housing for American Indian and Alaska Native Survivors of Gender-Based Violence: Lessons Learned 2020
  • Caroline LaPorte, J.D.
  • Gwendolyn Packard
Parents as Pimps: Survivor Accounts of Trafficking of Children in the United States
(PDF 766 KB)
2020 Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence
  • Jody Raphael
Profile of Reported Trafficking in Persons in Brazil Between 2009 and 2017 2020 Journal of Interpersonal Violence
  • Taciana Silveira Passos
  • Mateus Felipe Santos Santana
  • Nuria Cordero-Ramos
  • Marcos Antonio Almeida-Santos
Survivor’s Perceptions of Human Trafficking Rehabilitation Programs in Nigeria: Empowerment or Disempowerment? 2020 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Nnenna Okoli
  • Uwafiokun Idemudia
The Intersection of Child Trafficking and Health Care: Our Unique Role as Pediatric Clinicians 2020 Pediatric Clinics of North America Volume
  • Nicole M.Leopardi, MD
  • Aldina M. Hovde, MSW
  • Lauren V. Kullmann, BS
The lived realities of sustained liberation in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, India: an evaluation of survivor experiences 2020
  • Dr Andrea Nicholson
  • Dr Deanna Davy
The Pandemic’s Impact on Human Trafficking 2020 Policy Innovation
  • Thi Hoang
The Public Health Approach to Human Trafficking Prevention
(PDF 299 KB)
2020 Georgia State University Law Review
  • Jordan Greenbaum, MD
The Public Health Impact of Coronavirus Disease on Human Trafficking 2020 Frontiers Public Health
  • Jordan Greenbaum
  • Hanni Stoklosa
  • Laura Murphy
Trafficking People With Disabilities: A Legal Analysis 2020
  • Christopher Carey
  • Sarahfina Peterson
Training Residents on Understanding Trafficked Humans (TRUTH) 2020 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Vincent Lo
  • Duane Bland
  • Xylona Bibal
  • Bahman Chavoshan
  • Willard Chung
  • Pamela M. Davis
  • Gregory R. Lewis
  • Terrie Mendelson
  • Heidi Millard
  • Benjamin Oldach
  • La Donna R. Porter
  • John Paik-Tesch
  • V. Jordan Greenbaum
  • Ronald Chambers
Women Trading Sex in a U.S.-Mexico Border City: A Qualitative Study of the Barriers and Facilitators to Finding Community and Voice 2020
  • Claudia Gonzalez, Kimberly C. Brouwer, Elizabeth Reed, Melanie J. Nicholls, Jessica Kim, Patricia E. Gonzalez-Zuniga, Andrés Gaeta-Rivera and Lianne A. Urada
A Four-year Analysis of Labor Trafficking Cases in the United States: Exploring Characteristics and Labor Trafficking Patterns 2019 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Kristen Bracy
  • Bandak Lul
  • Dominique Roe-Sepowitz
Assessing Family Medicine Residency Programs’ Training on Human Trafficking: A National Survey of Program Directors 2019 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Ranit Mishori
  • Katherine Stolarz
  • Anita Ravi
  • Valeriy R. Korostyshevskiy
  • Ronald Chambers
  • Peter Cronholm
Child Sex Trafficking Survivors Roundtable
(PDF 7 MB)
2019 United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs AMBER Alert Training and Technical Assistance Program
  • Dominique Roe-Sepowitz, MSW, Ph.D.
Experiences of Racism and Racial Tensions Among African American Women Impacted by Commercial Sexual Exploitation in Practice: A Qualitative Study
(PDF 158 KB)
2019 Violence Against Women
  • Lara B. Gerassi
Gender differences in the association of living and working conditions and the mental health of trafficking survivors 2019 International Journal of Public Health
  • Iglesias-Rios L
  • Harlow SD
  • Burgard SA
  • Kiss L
  • Zimmerman C.
Human Trafficking “Modern Day Slavery” Promoting the Need for Adequate Screening, Assessment, and Interventions for Physical and Mental Conditions by Health Professionals
(PDF 428 KB)
2019 BRK Global Healthcare Journal
  • Bernice Roberts Kennedy, PhD, APRN, PMN-CNS, BC
Influence of Survivors’ Entrapment Factors and Traffickers’ Characteristics on Perceptions of Interpersonal Social Power During Exit 2019 Violence Against Women
  • Kathleen M. Preble
  • Beverly M. Black
Looking for a Hidden Population: Trafficking of Migrant Laborers in San Diego County 2019 San Diego State University
  • Sheldon X. Zhang, Ph.D
Money Laundering in the Commercial Sex Market in the United States
(PDF 1 MB)
2019 Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence
  • Youngbee Dale
Patterns of violence and coercion with mental health among female and male trafficking survivors: a latent class analysis with mixture models 2019 Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
  • Iglesias-Rios L
  • Harlow SD
  • Burgard SA
  • West B
  • Kiss L
  • Zimmerman C
Strategies to Restore Justice for Sex Trafficked Native Women 2019 The Palgrave International Handbook of Human Trafficking
  • Christine Stark
A Four-Year Analysis of Labor Trafficking Cases in the United States
(PDF 2 MB)
2018 Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research Arizona State University
  • Dr. Dominique Roe-Sepowitz, MSW, Ph.D.
  • Kristen Bracy, MA, MSW
  • Bandak Lul, MA
A supportive adult may be the difference in homeless youth not being trafficked 2018 Children and Youth Services Review
  • Makini Chisolm-Straker
  • Julia Einbond
  • Jeremy Sze
Alternative Forms of Justice for Human Trafficking Survivors
(PDF 362 KB)
2018 Urban Institute
  • Lilly Yu
  • Jeanette Hussemann
  • Hanna Love
  • Evelyn F. McCoy
  • Colleen Owens
Cultural oppression and human trafficking: Exploring the role of racism and ethnic bias 2018 A feminist perspective on human trafficking of women and girls: Characteristics, commonalities and complexities
  • Thema Bryant-Davis
  • Pratyusha Tummala-Narra
Delivering Justice for Human Trafficking Survivors 2018 Urban Institute
  • Evelyn F. McCoy
  • Colleen Owens
  • Lilly Yu
  • Hanna Love
  • Jeanette Hussemann
Screening for human trafficking among homeless young adults 2018 Children and Youth Services Review
  • Makini Chisolm-Straker
  • Julia Einbond
  • Jeremy Sze
What Do EMS Professionals Know about Human Trafficking? An Exploratory Study 2018 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Elizabeth A. Donnelly
  • Karen Oehme
  • Dwayne Barris
  • Rebecca Melvin
A Six-year Analysis of Sex Traffickers of Minors: Exploring Characteristics and Sex Trafficking Patterns
(PDF 2 MB)
2017 Arizona State University Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research
  • Dr. Dominique Roe-Sepowitz
  • Cmdr. James Gallagher
  • Kimberly Hogan
  • Tiana Ward
  • Nicole Denecour
  • Kristen Bracy
Beyond Massage Parlors: Exposing the Korean Commercial Sex Market in the United States
(PDF 1 MB)
2017 Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence
  • Youngbee Dale
  • Amy Levesque
‘It’s All in Their Brain’: Constructing the figure of the trafficking victim on the US-Mexico border
(PDF 365 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Gabriella Sanchez
A California Multidisciplinary Juvenile Court: Serving Sexually Exploited and At-Risk Youth
(PDF 109 KB)
2016 Behavioral Sciences and the Law
  • Brandi D. Liles, Ph.D.
  • Dawn M. Blacker, Ph.D.
  • Jenny L. Landini, Ph.D.
  • Anthony J. Urquiza, LCSW
A Pathway to Freedom: An Evaluation of Screening Tools for the Identification of Trafficking Victims 2016 Academic Psychiatry
  • Nadejda Bespalova
  • Juliet Morgan
  • John Coverdale
A Typology of Offenders Engaging in the Sex Trafficking of Juveniles (STJ): Implications for Risk Assessment
(PDF 456 KB)
2016 Aggression and Violent Behavior
  • Holly A. Hargreaves-Cormany
  • Terri D. Patterson
  • Yvonne E. Muirhead
  • The Federal Bureau of Investigation
After Rescue: Evaluation of Strategies to Stabilize and Integrate Adult Survivors of Human Trafficking to the United States
(PDF 4 MB)
2016 National Institute of Justice
  • Elzbieta Gozdziak, Ph.D.
  • B. Lindsay Lowell, Ph.D.
Attitudes About Human Trafficking: Individual Differences Related to Belief and Victim Blame
(PDF 337 KB)
2016 Journal of Interpersonal Violence
  • Katherine C. Cunningham
  • Lisa DeMarni Cromer
Challenges to the rapid identification of children who have been trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation
(PDF 678 KB)
2016 Child Abuse & Neglect
  • Yvonne Rafferty
Characteristics of survivors of juvenile sex trafficking: Implications for treatment and intervention initiatives
(PDF 918 KB)
2016 Aggression and Violent Behavior
  • Holly A. Hargreaves-Cormany
  • Terri D. Patterson
Characterization of contact offenders and child exploitation material trafficking on five peer-to-peer networks
(PDF 2 MB)
2016 Child Abuse & Neglect
  • George Bissias
  • Brian Levinea
  • Marc Liberatorea
  • Brian Lynna
  • Juston Moorea
  • Hanna Wallacha
  • Janis Wolakc
Editorial: Trafficking (in) Representations: Understanding the recurring appeal of victimhood and slavery in neoliberal times
(PDF 289 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Rutvica Andrijasevic
  • Nicola Mai
Expelling Slavery from the Nation: Representations of labour exploitation in Australia’s supply chain
(PDF 330 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Anna Szörényi
Health Care and Human Trafficking: We are Seeing the Unseen
(PDF 606 KB)
2016 Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
  • Makini Chisolm-Straker, MD, MPH
  • Susie Baldwin, MD, MPH
  • Bertille Gaïgbé-Togbé, MD
  • Nneka Ndukwe, MD
  • Pauline N. Johnson
  • Lynne D. Richardson, MD
How to Stage a Raid: Police, media and the master narrative of trafficking
(PDF 292 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Annie Hill
Human Trafficking and Health: A Survey of Male and Female Survivors in England
(PDF 601 KB)
2016 AJPH Research
  • Siân Oram, PhD
  • Melanie Abas, MD
  • Debra Bick, PhD
  • Adrian Boyle, MD
  • Rebecca French, PhD
  • Sharon Jakobowitz, PhD
  • Mizanur Khondoker, PhD
  • Nicky Stanley, MSc
  • Kylee Trevillion, PhD
  • Louise Howard, MRCPsych
  • Cathy Zimmerman, PhD
Human Trafficking and Psychiatric Education: A Call to Action
(PDF 316 KB)
2016 Academic Psychiatry
  • John Coverdale
  • Eugene V. Beresin
  • Alan K. Louie
  • Richard Balon
  • Laura Weiss Roberts
Human Trafficking Heroes and Villains: Representing the Problem in Anti-Trafficking Awareness Campaigns
(PDF 209 KB)
2016 Social & Legal Studies
  • Erin O’Brien
Human Trafficking, Immigration Regulation and Sub-federal Criminalization
(PDF 509 KB)
2016 New Criminal Law Review
  • Jennifer M. Chacon
Human Trafficking: How a Joint Task Force Between Health Care Providers and Law Enforcement can Assist with Identifying Victims and Prosecuting Traffickers
(PDF 17 MB)
2016 Health Matrix
  • Megan Helton
Identification and Treatment of Human Trafficking Victims in the Emergency Department: A Case Report
(PDF 143 KB)
2016 The Journal of Emergency Medicine
  • Patric Gibbons, MS2
  • Hanni Stoklosa, MD, MPH
Identifying best practices for “Safe Harbor” legislation to protect child sex trafficking victims: Decriminalization alone is not sufficient
(PDF 451 KB)
2016 Child Abuse & Neglect
  • Elizabeth S. Barnert
  • Susan Abrams
  • Veronica F. Azzi
  • Gery Ryand
  • Robert Brook
  • Paul J. Chunga
Innocent Traffickers, Guilty Victims: The case for prosecuting so-called ‘bottom girls’ in the United States
(PDF 150 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Alexandra F. Levy
Investments in Human Trafficking Prosecutions are Indispensable
(PDF 133 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Victor Boutros
  • John Cotton Richmond
My Experience is Mine to Tell: Challenging the abolitionist victimhood framework
(PDF 726 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Claudia Cojocaru
Neoliberal Sexual Humanitarianism and Story-Telling: The case of Somaly Mam
(PDF 713 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Heidi Hoefinger
Not All Prosecutions are Created Equal: Less counting prosecutions, more making prosecutions count
(PDF 143 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Marika McAdam
Preliminary Validation of the Sex Trafficking Attitudes Scale
(PDF 392 KB)
2016 Violence Against Women
  • Jaclyn D. Houston-Kolnik
  • Nathan R. Todd
  • Midge Wilson
Prioritising Prosecutions is the Wrong Approach
(PDF 134 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Kate D’Adamo
Rebooting Trafficking
(PDF 390 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Nicholas de Villiers
Reducing Vulnerability to Human Trafficking 2016
  • Dan Archer
  • Margaret Boittin
  • Cecilia Hyunjung Mo
Services to LGBTQ runaway and homeless youth: Gaps and recommendations
(PDF 751 KB)
2016 Children and Youth Services Review
  • Elaine M. Maccio
  • Kristin M. Ferguson
Social world of organ transplantation, trafficking, and policies
(PDF 132 KB)
2016 Journal of Public Health Policy
  • Farhan Navid Yousaf
  • Bandana Purkayastha
Supporting youth involved in domestic minor sex trafficking: Divergent perspectives on youth agency
(PDF 434 KB)
2016 Child Abuse & Neglect
  • Beth Sapiro
  • Laura Johnson
  • Judy L. Postmus
  • Cassandra Simmel
Supporting youth involved in domestic minor sex trafficking: Divergent perspectives on youth agency
(PDF 434 KB)
2016 Child Abuse & Neglect
  • Beth Sapiro
  • Laura Johnson
  • Judy L. Postmus
  • Cassandra Simmel
The Art of the Possible: Making films on sex work migration and human trafficking
(PDF 418 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Sine Plambech
The Challenges and Perils of Reframing Trafficking as ‘Modern-Day Slavery’
(PDF 98 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Janie A Chuang
The implicit theories of child sexual exploitation material users: An initial conceptualization
(PDF 367 KB)
2016 Aggression and Violent Behavior
  • Ross M. Bartels
  • Hannah L. Merdian
The Importance of Strategic, Victim-Centred Human Trafficking Prosecutions
(PDF 144 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Susan French
  • Cindy C. Liou
The Prominent Role of National Judges in Interpreting the International Definition of Human Trafficking
(PDF 216 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Luuk B Esser
  • Corinne E Dettmeijer-Vermeulen
The Trauma of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Youth: A Comparison of CSE Victims to Sexual Abuse Victims in a Clinical Sample
(PDF 364 KB)
2016 Journal of Interpersonal Violence
  • Jennifer Cole, PhD
  • Ginny Sprang, PhD
  • Robert Lee, MS
  • Judith Cohen, MD
Trafficking and Health: A Systematic Review of Research Methods
(PDF 245 KB)
2016 Trauma, Violence, & Abuse
  • Abby C. Cannon
  • Jennet Arcara
  • Laurie M. Graham
  • Rebecca J. Macy
U.S. State Laws Addressing Human Trafficking: Education of and Mandatory Reporting by Health Care Providers and Other Professionals
(PDF 2 MB)
2016 Journal of Human Trafficking
  • Holly G. Atkinson
  • Kevin J. Curnin
  • Nicole C. Hanson
Villains and Victims, but No Workers: Why a prosecution-focussed approach to human trafficking fails trafficked persons
(PDF 149 KB)
2016 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Inga Thiemann
Women Exiting Street-Based Sex Work: Correlations between Ethno-Racial Identity, Number of Children, and Violent Experiences
(PDF 1 MB)
2016 Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work
  • Jennifer Hankel
  • Susan Dewey
  • Nina Martinez
Youth Involvement in the Sex Trade
(PDF 2 MB)
2016 Center for Court Innovation
  • Rachel Swaner
  • Melissa Labriola
  • Michael Rempel
  • Allyson Walker
  • Joseph Spadafore
‘Tied Visas’ and Inadequate Labour Protections: A formula for abuse and exploitation of migrant domestic workers in the United Kingdom
(PDF 508 KB)
2015 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Daphne Demetriou
“It’s a Marathon Not a Race”: Exiting the Commercial Sex Trade
(PDF 7 MB)
2015 National Criminal Justice Reference Service (U.S.)
  • April M. Rand
(E)Racing Childhood: Examining the Racialized Construction of Childhood and Innocence in the Treatment of Sexually Exploited Minors
(PDF 147 KB)
2015 UCLA Law Review
  • Priscilla A. Ocen
A Critical Race Feminist Perspective on Prostitution & Sex Trafficking in America
(PDF 571 KB)
2015 Yale Journal of Law & Feminism
  • Cheryl Nelson-Butler
Asylum, Immigration Restrictions and Exploitation: Hyper- precarity as a lens for understanding and tackling forced labour
(PDF 344 KB)
2015 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Hannah Lewis
  • Louise Waite
Bibliography of Research-Based Literature on Human Trafficking: 2008-2014
(PDF 2 MB)
2015 Institute for the Study of Internal Migration
  • Elżbieta M. Goździak, PhD
  • Sarah Graveline
  • Whitney Skippings
  • Minna Song
Black Girls and the (Im)Possibilities of a Victim Trope: The Intersectional Failures of Legal and Advocacy Interventions in the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Minors in the United States
(PDF 100 KB)
2015 UCLA Law Review
  • Jasmine Phillips
Characteristics of child commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking victims presenting for medical care in the United States
(PDF 428 KB)
2015 Child Abuse & Neglect
  • Selina Varmaa
  • Scott Gillespie
  • Courtney McCracken
  • Jordan Greenbaum
Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and the Emergence of Safe Harbor Legislation: Implications for Policy and Practice
(PDF 774 KB)
2015 Current Psychiatry Reports
  • Ryan T. Shields
  • Elizabeth J. Letourneau
Comparing Sex Buyers With Men Who Do Not Buy Sex: New Data on Prostitution and Trafficking
(PDF 404 KB)
2015 Journal of Interpersonal Violence
  • Melissa Farley
  • Jacqueline M. Golding
  • Emily Schuckman Matthews
  • Neil M. Malamuth
  • Laura Jarrett
Deploying Disclosure Laws to Eliminate Forced Labour: Supply chain transparency efforts of Brazil and the United States of America
(PDF 476 KB)
2015 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Ashley Feasley
Evaluation of Services for Domestic Minor Victims of Human Trafficking
(PDF 2 MB)
2015 RTI International
  • Deborah Gibbs
  • Jennifer L. Hardison Walters
  • Alexandra Lutnick
  • Shari Miller
  • Marianne Kluckman
Exploring the Context of Trafficking and Adolescent Sex Industry Involvement in Tijuana, Mexico: Consequences for HIV Risk and Prevention
(PDF 377 KB)
2015 Violence Against Women
  • Shira M. Goldenberg
  • Jay G. Silverman
  • David Engstrom
  • Ietza Bojorquez-Chapela
  • Paula Usita
  • María Luisa Rolón
  • Steffanie A. Strathdee
Firearms and Ammunition Industry Economic Impact Report 2014
(PDF 2 MB)
2015 National Shooting Sports Foundation
  • National Shooting Sports Foundation
From Rescue to Representation: A Human Rights Approach to the Contemporary Anti-Slavery Movement
(PDF 306 KB)
2015 Journal of Human Rights
  • Austin Choi-Fitzpatrick
Regulating forced labour and combating human trafficking: the relevance of historical definitions in a contemporary perspective
(PDF 496 KB)
2015 Crime, Law and Social Change
  • Natalia Ollus
Risk Factors for Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking in the United States: A Literature Review
(PDF 860 KB)
2015 Journal of Forensic Nursing
  • Kristen R. Choi, RN, BSN
Safe Harbor Policies for Juvenile Victims of Sex Trafficking: A Myopic View of Improvements in Practice
(PDF 629 KB)
2015 Social Inclusion
  • Kimberly Mehlman-Orozco
Services to domestic minor victims of sex trafficking: Opportunities for engagement and support
(PDF 393 KB)
2015 Children and Youth Services Review
  • Deborah A. Gibbs
  • Jennifer L. Hardison Walters
  • Alexandra Lutnick
  • Shari Miller
  • Marianne Kluckman
Sex Trafficking: Policies, Programs, and Services
(PDF 197 KB)
2015 Social Work
  • Julie Orme
  • Fariyal Ross-Sheriff
Sexual Violence and HIV Infection Associated With Adolescent vs Adult Entry Into the Sex Trade in Mexico
(PDF 87 KB)
2015 American Medical Association
  • Jay G. Silverman, PhD
  • Argentina Servin, MD, MPH
  • Shira M. Goldenberg, PhD
  • Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, MD
  • Julie Ritter, MPH
  • Anita Raj, PhD
  • Kimberly C. Brouwer, PhD
Shining Light on Global Supply Chains
(PDF 327 KB)
2015 Harvard International Law Journal
  • Galit Sarfaty
Short-term cessation of sex work and injection drug use: Evidence from a recurrent event survival analysis
(PDF 359 KB)
2015 Addictive Behaviors
  • Tommi L. Gaines
  • Lianne A. Urada
  • Gustavo Martinez
  • Shira M. Goldenberg
  • Gudelia Rangel
  • Elizabeth Reed
  • Thomas L. Patterson
  • Steffanie A. Strathdee
The Racial Roots of Human Trafficking
(PDF 149 KB)
2015 UCLA Law Review
  • Cheryl Nelson Butler
The Sexual Exploitation of Girls in the United States: The Role of Female Pimps
(PDF 912 KB)
2015 Journal of Interpersonal Violence
  • Dominique Eve Roe-Sepowitz
  • James Gallagher
  • Markus Risinger
  • Kristine Hickle
Towards a Cohesive and Contextualised Response: When is it necessary to distinguish between forced labour, trafficking in persons and slavery?
(PDF 107 KB)
2015 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Marja Paavilainen
Trade Unions, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking
(PDF 440 KB)
2015 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Michele Ford
Trafficking In Persons Report July 2015
(PDF 21 MB)
2015 U.S. Department of State
  • Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
Understanding Transnational Gangs and Criminal Networks: A Contribution to Community Resilience
(PDF 2 MB)
2015 Journal of Gang Research
  • Ami C. Carpenter
  • Stacey Cooper
Vulnerability Factors and Pathways Leading to Underage Entry into Sex Work in two Mexican-US Border Cities
(PDF 128 KB)
2015 Journal of Applied Research on Children
  • Argentina E. Servin
  • Kimberly C. Brouwer
  • Leah Gordon
  • Teresita Rocha-Jimenez
  • Hugo Staines
  • Ricardo B. Vera-Monroy
  • Steffanie A. Strathdee
  • Jay G. Silverman
When it Comes to Modern Slavery, do Definitions Matter?
(PDF 101 KB)
2015 Anti-Trafficking Review
  • Fiona David
Estimating the Size and Structure of the Underground Commercial Sex Economy in Eight Major US Cities
(PDF 5 MB)
2014 Urban Institute
  • Cybele Kotonias
  • Debbie Mayer
  • Colleen Owens
  • Laura Pacifici
  • Lilly Yu